Grammar » 32-4

Home » Grammar » 32-4

Free Japanese Quiz
for Beginners



Which is correct "ておきます" or "てあります" ?

きょう かえってから、レストランを よやく (   )。

I'll make a reservation after I go home.

ひこうきの チケットは もう よやく (   )。

I have already booked the plane ticket.

A : パーティーの のみものは もう かいましたか? B : らいしゅう (   )。

A : Have you bought drinks for our party yet?
B : No, I'll buy them next week.

ビールは もう れいぞうこに (   )。

I already put the beer in a refrigerator.

このことは あとで (   )。

I'll check this later.

らいしゅう ははの たんじょうびです。プレゼントは もう (   )。

It's my mother's birthday next week.
I've bought a present already.

わたしは ごはんを たべたあと、テーブルを (   )。

After I eat lunch, I wiped the table.

あついので まどを (   )。

Please keep the window open because it's hot.


will do it in advance

It means that you are going to do something for preparation. You’ll put into an action later.
Volitional Verbs are used.

– You’re going to travel Hawaii next month. Wha’t are you going to do for the preparation? –

みずぎを かっておきます
( I’m going to buy a swimsuit. )
レストランを よやく しておきます
( I’m going to make a reservation at a restaurant. )
ハワイの ともだちに れんらく しておきます
( I’m going to contact my friend in Hawaii. )
for next use

It means that you’ll do it ( after you finish doing something ) for the purpose of the next use, or you’ll do it for the future benefit.

シャツを あらっておきます
( I’ll wash my shirts ( for next use ). )
くつを みがいておきました
( I polished my shoes ( for next use ). )
テーブルを ふいておいてください
( Please wipe a table ( for next use ). )
わかいときから ちょきんをしておきます
( I’ll save money from a young age ( for the future ). )
to leave it as it is

It means that you keep something in the current state.

テレビを つけておきます
( I’ll keep TV on. )
あとで つかうので、その ほんは ここに おいておいてください
( Please leave the book here because I’ll use it later. )
Verb te Form おきます


Verb te Form あります

meaning : have already prepared

It means that you have already done something as a preparation.

あしたの かいぎの しりょうを もう つくってあります
( I’ve already made documents for the meeting tomorrow. )
カレーの ざいりょうを かってあります
( I’ve already bought the ingredients for the curry. )
Let's say in Japanese !
Please touch “in Japanese” to see the answer.

1. My friend is coming to my house, so I’m going to clean up tonight.

 ( will do in advance )

in Japanese
あした ともだちが わたしの うちに くるので、こんばん そうじ しておきます

2. Please put the leftover milk in the refrigerator.

 ( for next use )

in Japanese
あまった ぎゅうにゅうは れいぞうこに いれておいてください

3. I’m still studying, so please keep a light on.

 ( to leave it as it is )

in Japanese
まだ べんきょう しているので、でんきを つけておいてください

4. I’ve already checked how to go to the city from the hotel.

 ( have already prepared )

in Japanese
くうこうから ホテルへの いきかたは もう しらべてあります


Japanese broadcasting station, NHK site helps you to learn Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji.