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Free Japanese Quiz
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Noun が Verbて-います
Noun が Verbて-あります
Verbて-います, Verbて-あります

Which is correct "ています" or "てあります" ?

わたしは けっこん (   )。

I'm married.

やまもとさんは おおさかに (   )。

Mr.Yamamoto lives in Osaka.

こうえんの さくらの はなが (   )。

Cherry blossoms are in bloom in the park.

へやの テーブルに はなが (   )。

Flowers are decorated on the table in the room.

きょうは そらが (   )。

The sky is clear today.

みてください。そらに にじが (   )。

Look ! There is a rainbow in the sky.

ラーメンやでは テーブルの うえに こしょうが (   )。

There is a pepper on the table at Ramen restaurant.

こうようの きせつです。こうえんに あかい はっぱが たくさん (   )。

It is the season of autumn leaves.
Many red leaves are falling in the park.

メモに メッセージが (   )。

There is a message on the memo.


Noun が Verb te Form います

meaning : the state resulting

( We’ve learned this sentence pattern in the chapter “32-1“, please check the page for more detail. )


The following verbs are used in a form of “te Form います” to mean these English words. Please keep in mind that it is “humans” who do the actions of the verb.

・けっこん しています
 ( to be married )

 ( to live )

 ( to have )

 ( to know )

 ( to wear a shirt, a jacket, a sweater )

 ( to wear pants, socks, shoes )

“Verbて-います” is used to describe the current state of things as a result of changes. It represents the result of a momentary change of an “object” or creatures such as insects.

Non-volitional Intransitive Verb is used.

1 hour ago …
かぜで、ドアが あきました。
( The wind opened the door. )
ドアが あいています
( The door is open. )
1 hour ago …
むしが しにました。
( An insect died. )
むしが しんでいます
( An insect is dead. )

Noun が Verb te Form あります

meaning : the state resulting

“Verb te Form あります” also represents “the state resulting”.

humans” did it with some intention or purpose, and the result remains currently. “Verbて-あります” means that it happened with someone’s intention. Transitive verbs which represent someone’s action are used.

1 hour ago …
だれかが まどを あけました。
( Someone opened a window. )
まどが あけてあります
( The window has been opened by someone. )
1 hour ago …
だれかが にんぎょうを かざりました。
( Someone decorated dolls. )
にんぎょうが かざってあります
( There are dolls. )
Verb te-Form あります

おきます (G1)・あつめます・します


“Verbて-います” and “Verbて-あります” mean the same fact, but “Verbて-います” sounds like it happened by nature or automatically, and “Verbて-あります” sounds that it happened by someone’s intention.

Verbて-います : Intransitive Verb

Verbて-あります : Transitive Verb

The door is locked.

・ドアの かぎが しまっています
・ドアの かぎが しめてあります

The light is on.

・でんきが ついています
・でんきが つけてあります

The beer is cold.

・ビールが ひえています
・ビールが ひやしてあります
Let's say in Japanese !
Please touch “in Japanese” to see the answer.

1. I have a Kimono dress.
 わたしは きものを (     )。

in Japanese

2. Due to a strong wind the window is broken.
 きょうふうで まどが (     )。

きょうふう : strong wind

in Japanese

3. Someone has taken out all the things from the drawer to clean up.
 そうじを するため ひきだしの ものが ぜんぶ (     )。

in Japanese

4. Someone keeps the light on at the entrance.
 エントランスの ライトが (     )。

in Japanese

5. The light bulb burned out. The light doesn’t work .
 でんきゅうが (     )。あかりが つきません。

 でんきゅう : a light bulb
 あかり : light

in Japanese


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